02.State of play
Australia lags behind
Many other nations have introduced measures to reduce the use of lightweight plastic bags.
- Bangladesh was the first country to ban polyethylene bags in early 2002.
- Ireland was the first country to use a nation-wide levy to discourage plastic bag use in 2002. Within a week plastic bag usage decreased from an estimated 328 bags per capita to 21 bags per capita.
- China is the largest country who banned plastic bags. The ban in 2008 was estimated to have saved the country 1.6 million tonnes of oil in the year following its introduction.
- The most recent measure comes from the EU: In November 2013, the European Commission adopted a proposal that requires its 28 Member States to reduce their use of lightweight plastic carrier bags. Member States can choose whatever measures they find most appropriate to meet this requirement, including charges, national reduction targets or a total ban.
States go it alone
In May 2009, the South Australian government introduced a ban on the use of single-use plastic bags. Retailers are only allowed to offer biodegradable plastic bags, paper bags and heavy-duty reusable bags, either free or for a charge. Produce and meat barrier bags, and purchased bin liners are also exempt from the ban.
Early research showed that SA residents have taken to reusable bags with gusto, with 90% of those surveyed taking their own bags to the supermarket and only one percent relying entirely on shop-provided bags.
Other states have followed with a ban on lightweight plastic bags:
- Northern Territory - 1 September 2011
- ACT - 1 November 2011
- Tasmania - 1 November 2013
- Victoria - trialled a charge for plastic bags in 2008 but has not introduced a ban.
- The Western Australia, Queensland and New South Wales governments have not introduced a ban on plastic bags, despite apparent support from shoppers for such a move.
Community and retailer responses
Some communities have taken the initiative and banned lightweight plastic bags in their town. Across Australia, many festivals, events, farmers’ markets and entertainment precincts have gone plastic bag-free after local communities have shown a willingness to embrace alternatives to the single-use plastic bag.
The story about retailers is mixed:
- In 2003, Bunnings introduced a 10c charge per plastic bag, which resulted in a 99% reduction in bag usage over five years. In 2008, it removed plastic bags from its outlets altogether, with reusable bags and cardboard boxes proving popular replacements.
- IKEA removed plastic bags in 2008.
- Australia Post stopped offering plastic bags in 2009.
- Supermarket chain Aldi has only ever offered reusable heavy duty plastic and green bags available for its customers to purchase since opening in Australia in 2001
- But Target backed down in October 2013 and reintroduced free plastic bags after phasing out plastic bags in 2009.
- And neither of Australia’s two major supermarket chains has yet introduced a ban or levy on bags. Interestingly, all supermarket chains in SA have complied with the ban on HDPE single-use bags without a hitch.