Finding the best account
If you want to shop around for the kids' account that pays the best interest or charges the lowest fees, keep the following advice in mind.
Piggybank interest rates
Kids' accounts generally offer reasonable interest rates, but to get more interest than the low base rate, young savers will need to contribute regularly – usually at least monthly. They'll also need to be disciplined; if any money is withdrawn during the month, the interest rate will usually drop.
Beat the system
Tricky rules give savvy kids an opportunity to use the system to their advantage, and that's a lifelong skill. To manage their money well, they should:
- divide their savings between a higher-interest savings account and a transaction account
- make regular monthly deposits into the high-interest account, and no withdrawals
- keep a smaller amount of money in the transaction account for cash on demand.
Many banks also offer fee-free kids' versions of their normal transaction accounts, but the downside of this type of account is that they usually pay little or no interest.
Watch out for sneaky fees
Banks generally won't charge kids account-keeping fees, but other fees can apply. Kid's accounts may only offer one free withdrawal per month, and then charge fees especially for over-the-counter withdrawals.
Banks may also penalise kids for dumping a pile of coins on the counter. While most institutions exempt them from a flat or percentage-based coin-counting fee, some will take a cut.
Once your child hits an age-limit – usually 12 – their account might automatically convert. Make sure the new account is fee-free, and check the interest rate and conditions.
Follow the rules
Managing kids' savings accounts should be simple, but it's important to play by the rules to get the most from their money. Conditions on many accounts can be confusing, so do a little homework before signing them up.
What about my teenager?
Older kids would do well to graduate to an online savings account. Some high-interest online accounts are available for this age group.
You can also open a regular adult account for this age group. Check out our article on high-interest savings accounts for more tips.
Steep tax rates and red tape
Government generosity for young savers is pretty limited. Since 1 July 2011, the low-income tax offset no longer applies to interest earned on kids' accounts. To discourage parents from putting money into accounts under their child's name, taxes apply if they earn more than $416 in interest.
- Interest between $416 and $1307 is taxed at 66%.
- If interest amounts to more than $1307, the whole amount is taxed at 45%.
- Your child will need to lodge a tax return for any interest income over $416.
- Exemptions apply for children under 18 who work full-time and those with certain disabilities. Other rules apply for kids who work part-time or a non-residents.
Is it their money or yours?
The ATO has strict rules on whether the income belongs to the child or the parent. The cash needs to genuinely belong to your child, not just be spent on them. So save up for school camps and tennis lessons in your own account, not your child's.