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How to buy the best car navigation system

Don't get lost. The latest in GPS technology, including dedicated devices and smartphone apps.

person operating car navigation system

Do you need a dedicated GPS screen on your car dashboard, or is a smartphone app smart enough to get you from A to B these days?

This guide will help you decide which type of device suits you best, and what to look for when you're shopping for reliable car navigation.

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How car navigation devices work

A GPS navigation device consists of:

  • global positioning system (or GPS) receiver that picks up satellite signals to determine your exact position 
  • screen displaying maps and route instructions
  • loudspeaker for verbal instructions
  • computer processor to calculate routes, distances and times
  • map database, including points of interest such as schools, police stations, car parks, petrol stations and hospitals

GPS apps for smartphones

When it comes to core navigation, GPS apps often perform just as well as a traditional unit. They typically support, safety camera warning, trip planning and advanced lane guidance, for example.

Paid apps range from less than $10, up to as much as $90. However, there are a number of freebies available as well, including default map apps included with your Android or iOS device. Android and iPhone users have access to the free Google Maps app, which shows your current position and offers voice direction. Apple has also released their own version for iOS devices that's simply called Maps.

Maps are delivered in one of two ways. Apps either:

  • Gradually download portions of the map as you enter new areas. This requires a 3/4G connection.
  • Download an entire state/country map in one hit over WiFi.

Most apps that use 3 or 4G connectivity, gradually download portions of the map as you require them, to save space on your smartphone storage. Though handy, this can put you at the mercy of mobile networks which are prone to dropouts depending on your carrier and location. Most smartphones also use A-GPS, where the "A" stands for assisted which 3 or 4G navigation to help enhance the GPS signal.

Bear in mind that apps can chew through your monthly download limit if you download as you drive. Also, a country or state map obtained via Wi-Fi will take up a large chunk of storage on your phone, though it has less of an impact on data. While almost all GPS apps support 3 or 4G, far fewer give you the option to download maps for use in offline mode.

Downloading and data saving

Most people connect their smartphone to Wi-Fi at work or home which, by default, allows GPS apps to automatically update as they're released. This is a very convenient feature compared to traditional GPS units, which require you to:

  1. Take your GPS out of the car.
  2. remove the memory card or plug it into a computer
  3. download updates from the company website and
  4. transfer them to the unit.

How you use GPS systems and apps

It doesn't take long to get your head around GPS units and their app equivalents. Using satellite signals, the system keeps track of your position and guides you along the plotted route with visual instructions on the display and verbal instructions via a computer-generated voice. 

All you need to do is type in where you want to go and your device plots a route, calculates the travel distance and estimated time of arrival, and displays the route on a map. You can usually choose between the fastest or the shortest route which aren't necessarily the same or specifically exclude toll roads or highways.

Using satellite signals, the system keeps track of your position and guides you along the plotted route with visual instructions on the display and verbal instructions via a computer-generated voice.

Traffic and travel

Many traditional GPS units and apps offer live traffic updates. These highlight congestion and either:

  • Automatically change the route to avoid traffic.
  • Suggest different routes that you can follow or ignore.
  • Simply highlight traffic, putting the onus on you to find a new route.

We found this feature to be consistently decent across all brands and models that offered it. However, apps have one advantage over GPS units:

  • GPS units can deliver traffic and information on long-term roadworks (e.g. new highways, tunnels etc)
  • Apps provide this too, as well as short term data such as temporary construction, police presence, closed roads and even crashes.

Apps tend to be a bit better at rapidly updating temporary changes in traffic conditions beyond congestion. Waze is particularly useful in this respect, as drivers can submit updates using the app, to inform other users in the area; a feature that is starting to appear in Google Maps but not to the extent as Waze.

Smartphone GPS laws

Since smartphone's capabilities extend beyond navigation, they fall under different laws to GPS units, with different rules across states and territories. The laws typically refer to the GPS function as a "drivers aid." Note this information only applies to fully licensed drivers in standard vehicles (this does not include motorbikes, trucks, heavy vehicles etc).

ACT

Fully licensed drivers can use the smartphone as a drivers aid. Smartphone must be securely mounted in a bracket without obscuring your field of view. Drivers can use voice commands to make or answer a call or use the audio functions (e.g. play music) too but you cannot touch the phone while driving. Learner, P1 and P2 drivers can use a "GPS enabled device" but the legislation doesn't specify if smartphones are an accepted device. In this case, it's best to err on the side of caution and use a GPS unit (read more - fully licensed, L, P1 and P2).

New South Wales

Fully licensed drivers can use the smartphone as a drivers aid. Smartphone must be securely mounted in a bracket without obscuring your field of view. Drivers can use voice commands to make or answer a call and use the audio functions (e.g. play music) too but you can't touch the phone while driving. Learner, P1 and P2 licence holders are not permitted to use a mobile phone at all while driving, which includes GPS functions (read more).

Victoria

Fully licensed drivers can use the smartphone as a drivers aid. Smartphone must be securely mounted in a bracket without obscuring your field of view. Drivers can use voice commands to make or answer a call or use the audio functions (e.g. play music) too but you can't touch the phone while driving. Learner, P1 and P2 licence holders are not permitted to use a mobile phone at all while driving, which includes GPS functions (read more).

Northern Territory

Fully licensed drivers can use the smartphone as a drivers aid. Smartphone must be securely mounted in a bracket without obscuring your field of view. Drivers can use voice commands to make or answer calls too but you can't touch the phone while driving. Learner and P plate licence holders are not permitted to use a mobile phone at all while driving, which includes GPS functions (read more - fully licensed, L and P).

Queensland

Fully licensed, and P2 drivers over 25, can use the smartphone as a drivers aid. Smartphone must be securely mounted in a bracket without obscuring your field of view. Drivers can legally use the phone to make or answer calls too but you can't touch the smartphone while operating your vehicle. All Learner and P1 drivers, and P2 licence holders under 25, are not permitted to use a mobile phone at all while driving, which includes GPS functions (read more).

Tasmania

Fully licensed and P2 drivers can use the smartphone as a drivers aid. Smartphone must be securely mounted in a bracket without obscuring your field of view. Drivers can legally use the phone to make or answer calls too but you can't touch the smartphone while operating your vehicle. Learner and P1 drivers are not permitted to use a mobile phone at all while driving, which includes GPS functions (read more - fully licensed, P2, L1 and P1).

Western Australia

All drivers, including learner, P1 and P2 licence holders, can use the smartphone as a drivers aid. The smartphone must be securely mounted in a bracket without obstructing your field of view. Drivers can legally use the phone to make or answer calls too and you can touch the phone to answer or hang up. All other physical interaction is illegal but you can control the phone using voice commands (read more).

Though this general information covers most usage scenarios, it's worth checking your state or territory legislation for small differences that may apply if you own a special vehicle or have certain restrictions/exemptions on your license.

Note, this segment was last updated on 01.06.21.  Laws may have changed in your state or territory since publication.

Are Android Auto and Apple CarPlay legal in Australia?

Android Auto and Apple CarPlay are driving apps that essentially mirror your smartphone to a compatible display unit in your car. The GPS runs through your phone, so it's a really handy way to add navigation features to a car that doesn't have built in GPS.

However, these apps fall into a bit of a legal grey area. While you don't need to access the phone once it's connected to the display unit, it is technically still in use in the vehicle. The states and territories don't specifically mention Android Auto or Apple CarPlay, aside from Victoria which specifically prohibits their use for Learner, P1 and P2 drivers. 

So it's safe to assume that Android Auto and Apple CarPlay fall under existing phone GPS laws. This means fully licensed drivers can use them legally, while Learner, P1 and P2 drivers are subject to the same smartphone restrictions in each state and territory.

What to look for in a car navigation system

  • Data entry: Check how easy it is to enter addresses and routing preferences. 
  • Display: This should be large and glare-free, and show the information you want to see – such as a two- or three-dimensional map view, distance to the next turn, current street name, time of arrival, and distance to destination.
  • Installation and portability: Check how easy the system is to attach, but also how easy it is to remove and carry or stow away.
  • Battery:Allows you to use the GPS away from a power supply for a short amount of time (typically two hours max).
  • Advanced lane guidance: tells you when to move to the exit lane and displays complex multi-lane manoeuvres clearly.
  • Routing options can exclude toll roads, unsealed roads or highways from the calculated route.
  • Point of interest (POI) navigation: This is a great way to quickly find landmarks such as hospitals, police stations, shopping centres, tourist attractions, and so on. Some apps also allow you to phone these places by selecting the phone number on the screen. While the free apps Google Maps and Apple Maps do have some POI categories, they largely depend on a search function rather than the category selections available on other apps.
  • Landmark navigation:Similar to point of interest, but can take you to local landmarks.
  • Map display selection: So you can view top down, behind, 2D and 3D, as well as preview the route before leaving.
  • Driving information: Displays speed, distance to destination and estimated time of arrival.
  • Itinerary planning: Allows you to set multiple stopping points along your route.
  • International maps: Handy if you wish to drive overseas. Note, almost all Australian GPS brands include New Zealand maps for free.
  • Lifetime map updates: Free map updates forever, to cover new roads, routs and points of access, as well as permanent road closures.
  • Alerts: Notifies you when you're approaching fixed speed cameras and school zones so you can slow down.
  • Speed alert warns you when you exceed the speed limit for the road you're currently on. However, speed limit data can sometimes be inaccurate so don't rely solely on the GPS for this information – check the speed limit signs.
  • Text to speech (TTS) announces the street name so you know when to turn without having to glance at the screen. Some apps provide a choice of more than one voice (though no guarantees of correct pronunciation).
  • Voice recognition: Lets you control the GPS unit/app without touching it. Useful in states and territories where physical interaction with the device is illegal while driving.
  • Walking option: The system can plot a route for pedestrians – for example, ignoring one-way streets, or using walkways through parks.
  • Trip log records your travels and saves the information to post online in an application such as Google Earth. Although common on dedicated car GPS devices, this feature is also beginning to appear on car GPS apps as well.
  • Languages: You can select a number of other languages for the display and voice instructions (such as French, Spanish, German, Italian, Swedish, Danish and Dutch).

Portable or integrated?

Portable units sit in a cradle with a suction cap that can be attached to the windscreen. They plug into the cigarette lighter, but also have a battery that provides a few hours of operation. They're installed within moments, and can therefore easily be moved from car to car. Smartphones mount in the same way.

Integrated systems are usually connected to the car's electronics, and can overcome some of the limitations of portable units. For example, they can use speed information to keep calculating your position when there's no satellite signal (such as in a tunnel).

Finding a GPS unit that fits your needs

You could argue that a GPS unit can maintain a stronger signal, as it's built for one job in a larger case as opposed to a jack-of-all trades device like a smartphone, but this is a hypothetical position.

If you travel in an area with good mobile reception and have a full drivers licence then a Car GPS app on your smartphone such as Google Maps, Apple Maps for iPhone and Maps for Android is a good option. The data download will not be an issue as long as you're on a reasonable data plan (anything over 1GB per month will be fine).

If you travel a lot in marginal reception areas or if you don't own a smartphone (there are a lot of people who don't own or want a smartphone) then a dedicated car GPS is a very good option – they've never been more affordable or feature packed.

However, if you are a Learner, P1 or P2 driver, or you own a non-standard vehicle such as a heavy truck or motorbike, laws are likely to dictate your purchase options.