Got mossy tiles or dirt-encrusted concrete to clean? A high pressure water cleaner could be the answer.
Want to know how we get our review results? Check out how we test pressure cleaners.
What to know about using a pressure cleaner
Pressure cleaners, also known as pressure washers or water blasters, connect to your garden tap and eject the water under high pressure through a cleaning nozzle. Compared to scrubbing with a brush or broom, powered high pressure cleaners are a relatively fast and very effective way to clean heavily soiled areas, such as:
- mossy or lichen-covered tiles and paving
- stained and dirt-encrusted concrete
- dried mud and grime on car wheels and bodies.
High-pressure water cleaners use a fair amount of water – around 320L to 520L an hour.
High pressure water cleaners are quite loud – in our test we've found them to be between 77 and 88dB. For comparison, a typical vacuum cleaner measures about 72dB, while traffic on a busy road measures about 80dB.
Pressure cleaners and paint
Follow the instructions carefully when using pressure cleaners on paintwork, whether on a house or vehicle. They're all capable of removing paint rather than cleaning it, especially if the paint is already damaged or flaking. In fact they are handy for removing flaking paint when you're preparing a surface for a new coat of paint.
Features to look for
The nozzles supplied can make a real difference to what you can clean. The usual types available are:
- Rotary nozzle: also known as a turbo nozzle this attachment is ideal for heavily soiled areas such as footpaths and driveways. This makes a circle of pressurised water, often in an intermittent pulse that causes vibrations. Be mindful that using this nozzle can leave behind circular water marks on the area. You may need to go over the area a couple of times to avoid this. If you shake this nozzle you'll hear a rattling sound, that sits inside the head causing the rotary motion.
- Fan nozzle: provides a wide spray of water and is suitable for large areas that are not too dirty, such as the painted walls of a house. The spray can often be adjusted to form a tight spray, but use caution with this setting – it can strip paint away if used too close to a painted wall.
- Pencil nozzle: produces a very tight beam of water. It’s good for removing stubborn spots as the pressure is concentrated in a small area. However, be careful when using this nozzle. Concentrating too much in one spot can potentially cause damage to the surface being cleaned.
- Rotary brush: also known as a patio brush provides a gentler but very effective clean for paths and patios. If you have a patio this is the attachment for you. It doesn’t come standard with all pressure cleaners but can usually be purchased as an optional accessory. In our experience, we found the rotary brush only required one action over sandstone paths for effective cleaning results.
The lance (the rigid bit you hold to direct the spray) should be long enough to comfortably hold the tip near the ground without stooping.
A long hose from the cleaner body to the lance makes the unit easier to use.
Hose and lance storage
Onboard storage on the cleaner keeps it neat and tidy when not in use.
These attach to the lance. Useful options include a patio brush for scrubbing a deck or paved area, and fixed or rotating brush heads for cleaning cars.
A built-in detergent applicator makes it much easier to use detergent when necessary.
Automatic cut off
This means the cleaner only runs while you hold down the trigger. It serves as a safety feature and lets you move more easily from place to place without spraying water everywhere, and also saves on energy use and wear and tear.
Also check if the cleaner has a safety lock on the trigger, meaning you won’t accidentally start the cleaner.
Effective wheels make it easier to manoeuvre the cleaner.
Power cord length
Electric pressure cleaners draw their power from a standard home power plug. A long cord length makes it easier to move the cleaner around a bigger area without changing power points or using an extension cord.
A cordless (battery-powered) cleaner might suit some people, especially if it matches the batteries you already have for other cordless power tools. We didn’t test any battery-operated models in this test but from previous experience the battery life only lasts long enough for small cleaning jobs.
Rent or buy?
If you only need a pressure cleaner for a one-off job, it makes sense to rent the equipment and pay less than $100 a day. But cleaning ground-in dirt is not a quick job; so if you have a lot of serious soiling to deal with, it might be worth spending a bit more and hiring a more powerful commercial or industrial machine, or even paying a professional to do it for you.
Of course, if you're going to need the pressure cleaner on a regular basis, it's probably worth buying one of your own.
How much should I pay?
The models in our pressure cleaners test range in price from $69 to $659.