Egg producers will be able to advertise eggs as 'free range' under a standard that packs hens closer together and does not mandate they spend time outside.
The federal government announced the Free Range Egg Labelling Information Standard today in a move said to benefit supermarkets and large-scale egg suppliers.
The standard allows manufacturers to pack 10,000 hens per
hectare, which is several times higher than recommendations made under the
CSIRO's Model Code of Practice.
Consumers will be paying for eggs that don't meet their understanding of
free range, says Tom Godfrey, the head of media at CHOICE.
"It's extremely disappointing that the new standard on free range eggs
locks in a cap that is more than six times the previous voluntary limit of
1500 hens per hectare," says Godfrey.
"We believe the new standard fails to meet consumers' understanding of what
free range actually means."
The decision is sure to hurt farmers with low stocking densities. Victorian
egg producer Julie Kos described the legislation as a loss for free range
suppliers stocking fewer hens than the national standard.
"The winners are the supermarkets because they can charge people extra
money and call [eggs with a 10,000 stocking density] free range, but in
actual fact they're not giving people what they think they're getting.
"I think 10,000 hens per hectare is dreadful for free range suppliers. The
birds are put in a situation where it's not healthy. It creates disease and
the birds are a lot more stressed than they would be."
Her eggs, branded Kossies Free Range Eggs, pack significantly less hens
together at 750 per hectare.
Kos tells CHOICE the decision to set a high cap on the free range standard
is already impacting her business.
"Now that we got more competition – even though it's not fair competition
– we had to diversify. We had to set ourselves apart from every supposedly
'free range' farmer in the world.
"We're going into smoked egg products to survive."
Consumer affairs minister Michael McCormack recognised the free range label
will make it possible for egg producers stocking 10,000 hens per hectare to charge a premium.
"Prices widely vary depending on a number of factors, including the use of
a free range label," he says.
The minister denies loosening the definition of 'free range' will make it
harder for consumers to spot eggs with a lower stocking density.
"The new...standard gives Australians more information about the eggs on
supermarket shelves, so they can make an informed choice when choosing
between available brands."
But CHOICE's head of media disagrees, claiming the industry lacks guidance.
"While stocking densities will need to be printed on the pack, there is no
requirement for this information to be displayed consistently, or in a way
that would help consumers compare free range egg products," says Godfrey.
Industry body Egg Farmers of Australia welcomed the ruling, with chief
executive John Dunn thanking the ministers involved.
"Egg farmers of Australia thanks all state consumer affairs ministers for
their work and deliberation in agreeing to this standard. We acknowledge in
particular the Federal Government for their leadership in tackling this
The ruling will make it possible for farmers to make necessary shed-based
upgrades, says Dunn.
"Farmers will have the confidence to invest in new free range farming
facilities and technologies, such as new environmental controls in sheds."