Portacots fail mandatory and voluntary standards


Portacots pose suffocation and injury risks.


  • Ten out of 12 portacots we tested failed to meet mandatory safety standards.
  • Most of the safety failures relate to soft or poorly-fitting mattresses, which can increase the risk of sudden unexpected infant death.
  • The Dymples portacot has been recalled in response to our findings, but the other portacots are still on the market.
  • We're calling on the government to strengthen our product safety laws.

Ten out of 12 portacots tested by CHOICE in May 2018 failed to meet mandatory Australian safety standards, posing suffocation and injury risks to babies, and all 12 failed the stricter voluntary standard.

We estimate that these 12 portacots represent approximately one-third of models currently available through major stores.

"We have tested more than 91 portacots since 2000, and the great majority of models fail to completely meet the mandatory safety standard, let alone the more stringent voluntary standard," says Chris Barnes, CHOICE product category manager household.

"The 12 portacot brands in our May 2018 test all fail to meet the voluntary safety standards, so we don't recommend any portacot products."

In this article:

The things we buy shouldn't hurt us or our loved ones. Join our campaign to strengthen product safety laws: choice.com.au/productsafety.

Big W recalls Dymples portacot

Big W has voluntarily recalled its Dymples portacot after our testing found multiple failures to comply with Australian safety standards. It poses suffocation and injury hazards, scoring just 36% overall in our review.

Big W moved quickly to re-test their product and once their own testing confirmed that the Dymples portacot didn't comply with safety standards, Big W immediately issued a voluntary recall of the product.

Mattress firmness

But nine other portacots we tested failed to meet the mandatory Australian Standard for portable cots, and all 12 failed the voluntary standard, mostly due to suffocation risks. All portable cots sold in Australia must comply with selected sections of the 'Australian Standard AS/NZS 2195–1999, Folding cots—safety requirements'. A more stringent standard was released in 2010, but manufacturers aren't obliged to adhere to it.

Most of the safety failures relate to the portacot mattress either being not firm enough or not fitting snugly inside the portacot base. Soft or poorly-fitting mattresses can increase the risk of sudden unexpected infant death.

The mandatory standard requires that mattresses be sufficiently firm, but doesn't define the test that should be used to assess firmness. We use the test method outlined in the new voluntary standard 'AS/NZS 8811.1:2013 Methods of testing infant products – Sleep Surfaces – Test for firmness' to determine whether a mattress is firm enough to be safe. SIDS charity Red Nose also recommends that parents choose mattresses that pass this test.

While Big W acknowledges its portacot doesn't meet the required standard, other manufacturers claim that their portacots do, even though our testing shows this isn't the case for 10 of the products.

Are you entitled to a refund?

If you've bought a portacot that fails to meet the safety standard, you may be entitled to seek a refund – although you could have a battle on your hands to get one.

"If the product has failed our tests, we believe it does not meet the consumer guarantee laws and people who have these cots should take them back to the manufacturer or retailer to seek a refund," says Sarah Agar, CHOICE head of campaigns and policy.

"People also need to know that it may not be easy to get a refund, which is why our campaign to create safer products is so important."

CHOICE is calling for businesses to be legally obliged to ensure their products are safe before they go on the market in Australia.

Safety advice

"My advice to parents and carers is to always fully research infant products before you purchase," says Susan Teerds, CEO of Kidsafe Queensland.

"Look at the Product Safety website and check for recalls and bans and what standards products meet. And, in fact, if there is any standard at all for that type of product! They might get a surprise to see how many products are not covered by a voluntary or mandatory standard."

Related: Australia's weak product safety laws.

Kidsafe shared these tips for safe portacot use:

  • Portacots aren't recommended for long-term use.
  • Remove the bassinet or change mat before placing the baby on the bottom mattress.
  • Every time you use the portacot, check the folding mechanism is secure so that it doesn't unexpectedly collapse.
  • Only use the mattress or padded base supplied by the manufacturer – don't use other mattresses as they can pose a suffocation risk.
  • The mattress should be firm and snug-fitting all around to avoid trapping the baby's head.
  • Make sure there's nothing sticking out that could snag the baby's clothes or provide a foothold for the baby to climb out.
  • Don't position the cot beside blind cords, power points, windows or other hazards.
  • Never put pillows, cot bumpers or soft toys in the portacot – not only to prevent suffocation but also because these items can be used to climb out.
  • Once the baby weighs more than 15kg or can undo the folding latches, stop using the portacot.
  • For more information, read the Keeping Baby Safe booklet.

"If consumers have concerns about any product not meeting a mandatory standard or if they are simply unsure, they should contact the ACCC or their local regulator such as Fair Trading," Teerds says.

"CHOICE portacot tests focus on the brands available through major stores; our recently tested batch of 12 portacots represents an estimated one-third of currently available models," says Barnes.

"There are also many other portacots available through eBay stores, but we generally advise to avoid these. While they often claim to meet Australian standards, we've found that's not often the case, and one portacot we bought from an eBay store – the Elite Baby All in 1 Deluxe – failed so many tests that we gave it a zero score for performance."

CHOICE portacot test results

Product  Mandatory standard Voluntary standard
014babyLiteway Travel Cot EA11816 1 of 517
4baby Liteway Travel Cot
 

Fail

Suffocation 
 

Fail

Suffocation

 03BabyhoodBambino Dormire 2 in 1 Porta Cot 1 of 743
Babyhood Bambino Dormire 2 in 1 Porta Cot
Pass  

Fail

Non-occupant finger injury

Suffocation 

 02Baby SolutionsTravel Portacot 42001409 1 of 422
Baby Solutions Travel Porta-cot (Kmart)
 

Fail

Suffocation

Neck entrapment 

 

Fail

Non-occupant finger injury

Suffocation

Neck entrapment 

 04ChildcareTrio 3 In 1 Travel Cot 074260357 1 of 826
Childcare Trio 3 In 1 Travel Cot
 

Fail

Head entrapment and suffocation 

Fail

Non-occupant finger injury

Head entrapment and suffocation

Limb entrapment

 05DymplesPortacot 8286069 1 of 517
Dymples portacot (Big W) - RECALLED
 

Fail

Head entrapment and suffocation 

 

Fail

Non-occupant finger injury

Head entrapment and suffocation

Neck entrapment

Finger entrapment 

 06IngenuitySmart  Simple Travel Cot 10116 1 of 89
Ingenuity Smart & Simple Travel Cot
 

Fail

Suffocation

Insufficient warning labels

 

Fail

Non-occupant finger injury

Suffocation 

 07JoieMeet Excursion Change  Rock Travel CotP1402BBDOT600 1 of 950
Joie Excursion Change & Rock Travel Cot
 

Fail

Suffocation

Limb entrapment 

 

Fail

Non-occupant finger injury

Suffocation

Falling

Limb entrapment

Tipping over

Rolling 

 08Love N CarePlayland Travel Cot HK 999 1 of 49
Love N Care Playland Travel Cot
 

Fail

Suffocation 

 

Fail

Non-occupant finger injury

Head entrapment and suffocation 

 09Phil  TedsTraveller TRv45 1 of 427
Phil & Teds Traveller 4
 

Fail

Suffocation 

 

Fail

Lack of integrity

Suffocation 

 10Steelcraft SnoozenPlay Portable Cot 32441Y 1 of 934
Steelcraft Snooze-n-Play Portable Cot
 Pass  

Fail*

Non-occupant finger injury

Limb entrapment 

11TargetHoliday Portacot 59835752 1 of 413
Target Holiday Portacot (Target)
 

Fail

Suffocation 

 

Fail

Non-occupant finger injury

Suffocation 

 12Vee BeeAmado Travel  Play Cot 1 of 522
Vee Bee Amado Travel & Play Cot
 

Fail

Suffocation 

 

Fail

Lack of integrity

Suffocation

Finger entrapment 

*Passes CHOICE key safety tests when used without bassinet.

For more information on our tests, see our portable cots review, buying guide and how we test portable cots for an explanation of our scores and results.

What the manufacturers say

We asked each of the companies whose portacots failed part of the safety standards to comment on our results. Some declined to comment, others are re-testing their products, and the rest are standing by their own test results. Here's what they had to say.

Big W (Dymples portacot)

"Big W customers have been returning their portacots and have received a full refund and appreciated the notification. The customer response has been positive thus far," says Vanessa Churnin, head of communications and corporate affairs, Big W.

"Meanwhile, we have commenced investigations to determine why the product has now failed testing when the manufacturer had previously provided test reports showing that the product met all relevant Australian Voluntary and Mandatory Standards."

Love 'n' Care (Love N Care Playland Travel Cot)

"We have discontinued the item and we aren't selling it anymore, until we bring in a modified version," says Terry Elcheikh, Love 'n' Care director. "We have come up with a modified version of the mattress and we are working with CHOICE to improve the product."

Love 'n' Care tests the portacot overseas where the cot is manufactured, but says it will look into additional testing in Australian labs.

Baby Bunting (4baby Liteway travel cot)

"We have test results from an accredited testing laboratory for the 4Baby Liteway travel cot. The report shows that the product complies with the Australian mandatory standard," says Scott Teal, general manager merchandise and marketing, Baby Bunting.

Teal says Baby Bunting believes the portacot complies with the mandatory Australian standard and is safe. However, the company is commissioning updated independent test reports in light of our findings.

Australia's Power Brands (Joie Excursion Change & Rock Travel Cot)

Australia's Power Brands took exception to our way of testing the portacot mattress firmness. (We use the test method outlined in the voluntary standard to determine whether a mattress is firm enough to be safe.)

"As there is no specified test for 'firmness' in the mandatory standard, what is firm becomes subjective. The cot complies with the mandatory standard," says Joie marketing manager Graeme Duncan.

The Joie cot failed a test relating to the gaps in the corners between bassinet and cot in our testing. The company says the cot passed when tested at an accredited lab in 2015 and that there have been no design changes since then. However, because doubt has been raised about this particular compliance issue, the company plans to re-test the cot.

Babyhood (Babyhood Bambino Dormire 2 in 1 Porta Cot)

Babyhood declined to provide a comment for this article.

Kmart (Baby Solutions Travel Porta-cot)

"The Kmart Baby Solutions Travel Porta-Cot has been tested regularly by internationally recognised and accredited laboratories and has passed the full requirements of the mandatory Australian Standard AS/NZS 2195:1999 which is for folding cots," says a Kmart spokesperson.

Kmart says it offers refunds on faulty products but didn't say whether it would offer refunds for the Baby Solutions product.

CNP Brands (Childcare Trio 3 In 1 Travel Cot)

"CNP Brands has considered the review published by CHOICE regarding the Childcare Trio 3-in-1 Travel Cot in which the findings and expressed sentiment are in stark contrast to the diligent third-party testing that classified the product above and beyond the mandatory Australian Standard," CNP Brands say in a media statement.

"CNP Brands remains absolutely confident in the safety of the product as reflected by extensive independent testing.

"While CNP Brands disagrees with CHOICE'S interpretations of testing guidelines in their final report, we will consider any opportunities for improvement to ensure we continue delivering first-class products."

Kids II Australia (Ingenuity Smart & Simple Travel Cot)

"The Ingenuity Smart & Simple Travel Cot has been tested by an accredited testing laboratory and complies with the mandatory standards in Australia. The Ingenuity Smart & Simple Travel Cot is not being recalled, nor would a recall of this product be warranted," says Andrew Farhat, vice president of product integrity, Kids II Australia.

Phil & Teds (Phil & Teds Traveller 4)

Our testing found that the Phil & Teds portacot doesn't comply with the standard because it lacks a firm, flat and rigid base. Phil & Teds disagreed with our findings.

"The Traveller 4 is intended to be used on a firm and flat surface and it is this surface that gives the base the rigidity and firm and flat support. We therefore have a differing interpretation than CHOICE," says Pierre Pradervand, a product compliance specialist with Phil & Teds.

Phil & Teds says the portacot mattress complies with the sleep surface test for firmness (AS/NZS8811.1-2013) and that the Traveller 4 has obtained a third-party verification of compliance to CPN4 plus certification to ASTM USA, SOR Canada and EN Europe.

Britax Childcare (Steelcraft Snooze-n-Play Portable Cot)

Our testing found that the Steelcraft portacot poses a finger injury hazard to the person setting up the cot, but Britax's Nursery Product Director Janelle Parkinson says this is only an issue if the instructions aren't followed.

When used without the bassinet, the Steelcraft portacot poses no risk to the child, our testing found. However, the bassinet is supplied with the portacot and represents a limb entrapment risk.

"The gap between the top of the bassinet and the top of the cot at the ends should not be considered as the standard refers to the cot and base. We also note that the bassinet should not be used once the baby can sit, which is advised on the bassinet labelling," Parkinson says.

Target (Target Holiday Portacot)

"The Target Holiday Portacot has been tested by an independent accredited third party laboratory and has passed the full requirements of the Australian Standard AS/NZS 2195:1999 which outlines regulatory requirements for portable folding cots," a Target spokesperson says.

Target says it offers refunds on faulty products, but didn't say whether it would offer refunds for the Holiday portacot.

Valiant Brands (Vee Bee Amado Travel & Play Cot)

"The Amado Portacot has been independently tested and certified to satisfy all the relevant standards by internationally recognised testing labs Intertek. As such we deem it inappropriate to offer unnecessary refunds," a Valiant Brands representative says.


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