Video: ANCAP test footage
Car crash test footage courtesy of ANCAP (www.ancap.com.au)
In 2014, for a vehicle to achieve the maximum 5 star ANCAP safety rating, a vehicle must perform well in each of the physical tests:
- Frontal offset test: simulates hitting another car of the same mass travelling at the same speed – maximum 16 points. Minimum of 12.5 points required in this test to be eligible for a 5 star ANCAP safety rating.
- Side impact test: simulates two cars colliding at 90 degrees – maximum 16 points. Minimum of 12.5 points required in this test to be eligible for a 5 star ANCAP safety rating.
- Pole test: simulates a car colliding sideways with a fixed object such as a tree or a pole – maximum 2 points (only available where vehicles are fitted with head protecting side airbags). Minimum of 1 point required in this test to be eligible for a 5 star ANCAP safety rating.
Pedestrian test: simulates a collision between a car and a pedestrian. Minimum score of 'Acceptable' required in this test to be eligible for a 5 star ANCAP safety rating.
Whiplash test: assesses the performance of the seat and head restraint in protecting the occupant from neck and spinal injury through dynamic performance and geometric measurements. Minimum score of 'Acceptable' required in this test to be eligible for a 5 star ANCAP safety rating.
To achive the 5 star rating the vehicle must also have:
- electronic stability control (ESC)
3-point seat belts for all forward facing seats
head-protecting technology (side airbags) for front seat
seat belt reminders for front seat
emergency brake assist (EBA)
- 4 x additional SAT, such as autonomous emergency braking (AEB), adaptive cruise control (ACC), and blind spot monitoring (BSM).
ANCAP recommends vehicles which have been awarded the maximum 5 star ANCAP safety rating.
You can search the ANCAP safety ratings (with the ability to sort by ANCAP safety rating, vehicle type or make/model).
In order to pursue continuous improvement in the safety of new cars sold in Australia and New Zealand, in 2011 ANCAP introduced changes to its safety rating process which progressively raises the bar for safety ratings year on year. These increasing requirements see new physical crash tests and performance testing included as part of the rating process including increasing requirements for advanced Safety Assist Technologies (SAT) which help prevent a collision.