UK and Ireland travel guide: what you need to know

Best time to go, culture, language, health, safety, laws, emergency contacts and more.

UK and Ireland overview

The UK and Ireland aren't exactly known for lovely weather. Summer (June-August) is by far the most popular time of year to visit. The temperatures will be milder, but there's no guarantee a British summer won't look just like a British winter; be prepared for the possibility of grey skies and drizzle no matter what the season. But hey, you're visiting for the culture, not the weather!

  • Expect to pay higher prices for accommodation in summer, and book in advance if you're travelling during school holidays.
  • Schools have three terms broken up by summer, Christmas and Easter holidays, but they also have a week-long half-term break when bookings are likely to soar.
  • Spring and autumn can be beautiful times to visit, the temperatures are still mild and the prices are likely to be cheaper.
  • Winter is not as bitter as you may think. Temperatures rarely go below 0°C and snowfall is usually minimal, except in parts of Scotland. The biggest drawback with travelling in winter is the limited daylight hours for sightseeing – around eight hours a day in the south and seven in the north during December-January.
  • As in Australia, Christmas and New Year are busy times, and accommodation and transport should be booked well in advance.

British and Irish culture and language is similar to Australia's, but there are a few minor differences.

  • Tipping is not customary, but it's always appreciated.
  • There are a few minor language differences, for example, you 'top up' rather than buy credit for your 'pay-as-you-go' phone (rather than your pre-paid phone), and it helps to know the difference between 'pants' and 'trousers'!
  • Thongs are a type of underwear - they should not be worn on your feet! (You wear flip-flops on your feet).
  • The UK still largely operates on the imperial measurement system. You can use an app, if needed, to translate miles into kilometres and pounds into kilograms. Ireland has mostly switched to metric. Both countries sell petrol by the litre.

The UK and Ireland have reciprocal health care agreements with Australia, meaning that Australian travellers can access the national health services in both countries. This doesn't mean you won't pay for treatment or medication, and it isn't a replacement for travel insurance, which is always a necessity. Remember to take your Medicare card with you – you'll need it, along with your passport, to prove that you're eligible.

  • Australians can access the national health care services in both the UK and Ireland, but you may still have to pay for medication and some treatments.
  • Remember to take your Medicare card with you – you'll need it, along with your passport, to prove that you're eligible.


The reciprocal agreement with the UK gives Australians access to NHS GPs as well as emergency treatment, care in a public ward at an NHS hospital, ambulance travel to NHS facilities, out-patient care at NHS hospitals, and prescription medication (though you will need to pay a small fee). It doesn't cover non-subsidised medication or dental services. Make sure you ask for care as an NHS patient.


The reciprocal health care agreement with Ireland allows Australians to access emergency care as a public patient in a public hospital, maternity care and part of the cost of prescription medication if you spend over a set amount. It does not allow for ongoing treatment, accommodation as a private patient in a private or public hospital, or visits to a GP.

For the latest advice on risks including terrorism, natural disasters and potential outbreaks of disease visit

Do I need vaccinations to travel to the UK?


  • 18 is the minimum age to buy alcohol in the UK, but 16 and 17 year olds accompanied by an adult can drink beer, wine or cider with a meal.
  • 18 is the legal drinking age in Ireland.
  • Drugs, including marijuana, are illegal.
  • The blood alcohol limit for driving in England, Wales and Northern Ireland is .08%, in Scotland and Ireland it's .05%.

For road rules, see Driving in the UK and Ireland.

Scams and crime

The UK and Ireland is generally a safe part of the world to visit, but risks can vary depending on where you are and what you're doing.

  • Keep your belongings close, as pickpockets and bag-snatchers may operate in crowded areas.
  • Certain areas of cities may be best avoided at night. Ask a trusted local for advice.
  • Bank card skimming and credit card fraud is a problem in the UK and Ireland, as it is in Australia. Keep an eye on your statement and let the bank know if you see any unexplained transactions.
  • Be careful using free Wi-Fi hotspots. Follow our travel tech tips to keep your device safe from hackers, and avoid doing internet banking on untrusted connections.


If there's one thing the Brits are good at...

  • To complain about a UK business, product or service, visit (note that the advice differs for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland).
  • If your gripe is with a UK travel agent or tour operator, contact the Association of British Travel Agents (
  • If your gripe is with an airline, see the Civil Aviation Authority's advice at
  • You can also seek advice from CHOICE's sister organisation Which?


  • If you have a dispute with an Irish business, product or service, see for advice about making a complaint or seeking compensation.
  • If your gripe is with an airline, see
  • If you are a victim of a crime, contact the police on 999 or 112. If you need further assistance you can ask for help from the Irish Tourist Assistance Service (ITAS): / / 1890 365 700/ +353 1 666 93 54.

If your gripe is with an Australian or international tour operator, airline, or booking site, follow the usual procedures for making a complaint or seeking compensation.

Emergency number: 999 or 112

Non-urgent health enquiries (UK): 111

Vehicle breakdowns

  • If driving a rental, use the contact details given to you by the company
  • AA: +353 1 649 7460
  • RAC: 0333 2000 999 (mobile) / 07855 828282 (SMS)

Australian High Commission (embassy) in the UK
Australia House, Strand, London WC2B 4LA
+44 20 7379 4334 (from outside the UK)
020 7379 4334 (from inside the UK)
Consular Emergency Centre: 0808 5890 165 (24 hours, free call from the UK)

Australian Embassy in Ireland
3rd Floor, 47-49 St Stephen's Green, Dublin 2
Phone: +353 1 664 5300
Fax: +353 1 678 5185

24-hour Australian Consular Emergency Centre: +61 2 6261 3305 or 1300 555 135 or SMS +61 421 269 080

Looking for the best travel insurance?

See our travel insurance comparison.

Travel Insurance reviews

Got a travel tip about the UK or Ireland? Or spotted something in our guide that needs updating? Add a comment below.