The shortage of gas to the east coast of Australia will be three times higher than what was estimated six months ago, contributing to an ongoing surge in electricity prices and the possible use of "almost unprecedented" government powers.
The extent of next year's shortage was revealed in interim reports released
by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) and the
Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO).
The shortfall in the liquified natural gas (LNG) domestic market could
range from 55 petajoules to 108 petajoules in 2018, where a single
petajoule would be enough to supply the residential needs of Penrith for a
And it would continue to inflate electricity bills, says the
Prime Minister, at a time when electricity bills are considered the most burdensome of all household expenses.
"Gas sets the wholesale electricity price and for every dollar increase in
gas per gigajoule is $10 per megawatt hours in the wholesale price of
electricity," says Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull.
"So, more expensive gas has huge implications for industry, big
implications for families struggling to pay the energy bill, but it feeds
directly into the electricity market."
Australia is the second largest exporter of gas globally and is on track to
become the world's largest by 2020. The shortfall could be hedged if
suppliers prioritise the needs of the local east coast market over
The government has given LNG suppliers an ultimatum: make up the shortfall
or it will invoke its controversial powers to limit gas exports, a move the
Prime Minister described as "almost unprecedented".
"We will continue to hold that mechanism ready to go, ready to go and we
will ensure that it is entirely fit-for-purpose in light of these changed
circumstances of a much bigger shortage than previously advised.
"So that if we are not able to receive the assurances from the industry to
our satisfaction and that of the ACCC, then we will impose those export