There are various considerations to make sure you have the right wheels for commuting, and the ability to carry goods.
Double-walled rims are stronger than single-walled ones.
A higher spoke count is better if you have a bumpy ride.
Quick-release wheels make taking the wheel off easier in the case of a flat or fitting it into a car; they also make it easier for someone to steal your wheel if your bike’s parked in a public place.
Choose a slightly wider wheel over a slick road bike tyre for commuting as it’s less prone to puncture and has more traction.
For commuting, avoid knobbly mountain bike tread - it’s inefficient on bitumen.
Tyre quality may not be apparent at first, but lower-quality tyres (which can often come on new bikes) are more prone to punctures and wear out more quickly. Look for tyres that are marketed as being puncture resistant, as this will dramatically reduce your risk of a flat, as will riding with the right tyre pressure. Puncture-proof tyres also exist.