Once upon a time gyms provided classes, weights and machines, and took all comers - but it seems that wasn’t enough. Now you can take your pick of 24-hour gyms, gyms offering fast workouts, special CrossFit gyms, and women-only gyms - not to mention outdoor training and “boot camp” sessions. CHOICE explores some traps becoming evident as these enterprises mature, as well as tips to keep in mind wherever you work out.
Open all hours
Many people want to go to the gym at 9 or 10pm after finishing work or putting the kids to bed, or at 5am before work. Then there are some who want to work out at midnight, just because. Just as convenience-based and on-demand services are becoming the norm, gyms have moved to adopt the 24/7 model of service. These gyms are ideal for people who are willing to trade the bells and whistles of group classes and tailored programming for the convenience of 24-hour access, and possibly reduced costs.
While there are gyms that operate specifically as 24-hour gyms, with major chains including Snap Fitness, Jetts, Stepz and Anytime Fitness, Fitness Australia’s Andrew McCallum points out that some existing “full service” gyms have added 24-hour (or at least extended-hours) access, comprising staffed and unstaffed hours.
“Typically the facility will offer all of the services and facilities associated with a traditional facility including group fitness, personal training, and so on. However, they also offer a membership category which gives 24/7 access to dedicated areas of the facility.”
The main concerns for consumers are safety and security – aside from accidents involving gym equipment, there may be other personal emergencies such as a heart attack or hypoglycaemic event, or perhaps dangerous behaviour from a fellow patron. Safety and security measures can include:
- card access, so that only members can enter during non-staffed hours
- secure parking with member-only access and CCTV
- CCTV over the gym floor and at entry to (but not inside) change rooms
- fixed and personal alarms which are worn on a lanyard and can be activated in the event of an accident
- access to first aid kits and automated defibrillation machines, and
- restricted or modified equipment.
Finally, new members should be inducted with fitness testing and instruction on how to use the equipment safely and with correct technique.
“It’s important that the consumer asks questions and gains an understanding as to the safety measures in place before joining any facility, whether it offers 24/7 access or otherwise,” says Joel Perricone from Fitness Australia.
Despite these measures, a staffed gym does have an advantage over an unstaffed one in emergency situations - trained staff can quickly assist should a barbell fall on a patron’s chest when they’re doing a bench press, for example, or give first aid. Proponents argue that unstaffed gyms are no worse than using a home gym, cycling lonely roads or jogging on bush tracks by yourself – where there’s also no-one to help in the event something happens to you.
Also tapping into the time-poor market are gyms, or programs within gyms, that promise a 30-minute or other “fast” workout. This flies in the face of the typical expectation that you need an hour or more to have an effective workout, whether it’s a group class or working your way around the cardio and resistance training machines.
But a well-designed 30-minute circuit or class will probably produce better results than wandering around the gym for an hour using different pieces of equipment with no particular plan. It also fits with the move over recent years within the sports training and fitness industries to higher-intensity, shorter-duration exercise. And it’s much easier for most people to fit a half-hour session into their daily routine - meaning they’re more likely to actually go!
Government guidelines for physical activity recommend 30 minutes of moderate activity at least five times per week, but according to Joel Perricone from Fitness Australia, “Structured exercise with the appropriate intensity tailored to meet the needs of the individual will exceed the government-recommended physical activity requirements of the individual. However, consistency and external contributors to fitness, such as diet, sleep and lifestyle, will also contribute to their overall health and fitness.”
The Fit n Fast chain offers different fast workouts, such as boxing or martial-arts-inspired workouts, a workout based on hydraulic machines, or a combination of cardio machines and resistance training. Women’s gym chain Curves has a 30-minute circuit, while Contours goes one better – one minute better, that is – with a 29-minute workout.
Receiving training in safe and effective technique is important for these fast workouts, as you try to maximise the number of lifts or the intensity of the cardio workout. An effective program, taking into account what you want to achieve (weight loss, increased fitness, stronger muscles), will also help you make the best use of your time. A personalised program may be provided when you join, or included on a regular basis in the membership fees, or you may have to pay extra for a personal trainer. It’s important to have your program regularly revised and updated so you don’t fall into an exercise rut.
Originating in the US in 2000, CrossFit has become big business, with over 5000 affiliated gyms worldwide and copycat workouts popping up in other gyms. The CrossFit workout involves a mixture of high-intensity weight lifting, gymnastics, body-weight work and aerobic work, with a competitive element introduced by recording weights and number of lifts for you to compare with others, as well as track your own progress.
The CrossFit franchise centres have a standard one-hour workout that includes a warm-up, a training session to learn a particular skill, the main session called Workout of the Day, a cool down and stretch. The emphasis is on natural, functional movements using large muscle groups (such as squats), rather than using machines, which CrossFit proponents argue involve unnatural positions and movements.
The competitive aspect of CrossFit-style workouts will appeal to some, as will the promise of getting fitter, leaner and stronger. However, it can be riskier than other strength-training workouts. A small 10-week study of men and women undergoing CrossFit training (combined with a "paleo" diet) found significant increases in aerobic fitness and loss of body fat. However, 16% of the group dropped out due to overuse injuries, and the authors suggested that given the relatively small improvements in fitness and body composition among the above-average athletes, it may not be worth the risk.
Andrew McCallum from Fitness Australia says, “CrossFit, instructed correctly using the fitness industry strength-training guidelines, isn’t better or worse than any other tailored workout. It’s simply another option for gaining and maintaining health and fitness. However, if not instructed correctly, the high intensity can add risk to the individual and should be a factor when considering a program that suits their needs.”
It’s recommended that anyone who undergoes the training learns proper technique, varies the type of exercises and the amount of weight lifted, and keeps an eye out for niggling pain or twinges that could become potentially serious injuries.